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Bihar Judicial Services Examination:Syllabus,Pattern,Date,Exam

Bihar Judicial Services Examination: The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) holds the Bihar Judicial Services Examination (BJSE), a competitive test, to choose candidates for the position of Civil Judge in the Indian state of Bihar. Candidates who pass all three parts of the examination—the Preliminary Exam, the Main Exam, and the Interview—are recommended for appointment as Civil Judges.

As a preliminary exam for the main exam, the preliminary exam consists of objective-style questions. The Main Exam is a written test that covers both open-ended and closed-ended questions. The interview, the last step in the selection process, is given to candidates who pass the main exam.

The Bihar Judicial Services Examination, one of the state of Bihar’s most difficult tests, necessitates a solid knowledge of both current events and the Indian legal system. Candidates who pass this examination are appointed as Civil Judges and in charge of administering justice at the local level.

Bihar Judicial Services Examination

Notification of the Vacancies

The official notification regarding the filling up of vacancies for the post of Civil Judge in Bihar Judicial Services Exam will be announced by Bihar Public Service Commission on their website, which can be accessed at https://www.bpsc.bih.nic.in/

Bihar Judicial Services Exam: Exam Pattern

The Bihar Judicial Services Exam was divided into three parts: the preliminary exam, the main exam, and the interview. The following information is provided on these exam stages:
S.No Examination Exam Type Duration Time No. of Questions Marks
1 Preliminary Examination (General Studies) Objective 2 Hours 100 100
Preliminary Examination (Law) Objective 150
2. Mains Examination (Compulsory Paper I) Descriptive 3 hours 100
Mains Examination (Compulsory Paper II) Descriptive 3 hours 100
Mains Examination (Compulsory Paper III) Descriptive 3 Hours 100
Mains Examination (Compulsory Paper IV) Descriptive 3 Hours 150
Mains Examination (Compulsory Paper V) Descriptive 3 Hours 150
Mains Examination (Optional Paper I) Descriptive 150
3. Interview/Viva- Voce 100

Preliminary Examination

  1. The Prelims Examination shall consist of two Objective type questions.
  2. The two Prelims Papers shall consist of
  3. Paper I: General Studies (100 Marks)
  4. Paper II: Law (150 Marks)
  5. Time Duration shall be 2 hours to attempt each paper.
  6. Candidates qualifying the Prelims Exams shall be eligible to appear for Mains Examination. The minimum qualifying marks are 45% for general candidates and 40% for reserved category candidates.

Mains Examination

The main exam consists of five compulsory papers, each of which has 3 hours to complete, and one free paper.
The study of the master is completed in the format of writing a descriptive answer.
You get 100 points for the first three compulsory works, 150 for the last two compulsory works and 150 for free work.
A total of 6 main exam questions include:
Mandatory papers

Paper I: English (100 marks)
Paper II: Hindi (100 Marks)
Paper III: General Science (100 marks)
Paper IV: General education and everyday subjects (150 mk)
Paper V: Law of Evidence and Procedure (150 marks)
Optional Papers

Indian Constitutional and Administrative Law
Hindu Law and Muhammadan Law
Property law, principles of equity, trust law and special benefits
Law of contract and tort
Commercial law
From the above mentioned five categories of optional papers, candidates can choose any category and apart from the five compulsory papers they have to present one optional paper in the main examination.

Interview Round

Those candidates who clear Mains Exams shall be called for Interview Round which constitute 100 Marks in Total. The final merit will be prepared on the basis of the marks attained by the candidates in the main examination & viva-voce.

Bihar Judicial Services Exam: Exam Syllabus

Preliminary Examination

Paper I: General Studies (100 Marks)

  • History
  • Geography
  • Current events of national and international importance
  • Indian polity and governance
  • Constitution 
  • Political system
  • Panchayat raj
  • Public policy
  • Right issues
  • Economic and social development
  • General Science

Paper II: Law (150 Marks)

  • Law of Evidence and Procedure
  • Constitutional & Administrative Law of India
  • Hindu Law and Muhammadan Law
  • Law of Transfer of Property
  • Principles of Equity
  • Law of Trusts and Specific Relief
  • Law of Contracts and Torts
  • Commercial Law

Mains Examination

Compulsory Papers

  1. Paper I: English (100 Marks)
  2. Paper II: Hindi (100 marks)
  3. Paper III: General Science (100 Marks)
  4. Paper IV: General Studies & Current Affairs (150 Marks)
  5. Paper V: Law of Evidence & Procedure (150 Marks)

Optional Papers

  1. Constitutional & Administrative Law of India
  2. Hindu Law and Muhammadan Law
  3. Law of transfer of property, principles of equity, the law of trusts, and specific relief
  4. Law of Contracts and Torts
  5. Commercial Law

Out of the five categories of optional paper mentioned above, Candidates can choice any one of the categories & have to give one optional paper in the Mains examination along with the five Compulsory papers.


Reference Books For Bihar Judicial Services Exam

Subject RelatedAuthor/ PublisherName of the BookLinks of the Books
Constitution of IndiaMP JainIndian Constitutional LawView Here
 J N PandeyConstitution of IndiaView Here
 Universal’s Constitution of India Bare actBareactView Here
Code of Criminal ProcedureRV KelkarLectures on Criminal ProcedureView Here
 Ratanlal & DhirajlalCode of Criminal Procedure by RV KelkarView Here
 Universal The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973BareactView Here
 The Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 (CRPC) Bare Act with AmendmentsBareactView Here
Code of Civil ProcedureCK TakwaniCivil Procedure with Limitation ActView Here
 Avtar SinghThe Code of Civil ProcedureView Here
Indian Penal CodeK.D GaurTextbook on Indian Penal CodeView Here
 Indian Penal Code, 1860BareactView Here
Evidence LawBatuk LalThe Law of Evidence PaperbackView Here
 Dr. Avtar SinghPrinciples of the Law of EvidenceView Here
 The Indian Evidence Act 1872 Bare ActBareactView Here
 The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 Bare Act with Short Notes (Universal Publications)BareactView Here
Indian Contract Act Specific Relief ActAvtar SinghLaw of Contract & Specific ReliefView Here
 Dr RK BangiaLaw of Contract & Specific ReliefPart 1: View Here Part 2: View Here
Transfer of Property ActPoonam PradhanProperty Law PaperbackView Here
 Dr R K SinhaThe Transfer of Property ActView Here
 Universal Publication (Transfer of Property Act) BareactBareactView Here
Hindu LawParas DiwanModern Hindu lawView Here
Muslim LawAkhil AhmedOutlines of Mohammedan LawView Here
Principles of Equity including the Law of TrustsRishi Kumar and Priya Kumari (Singhal Law Publications)Short guide to administrative trust and equity lawView Here
 Universal’ Publication (The Indian Trusts Act)BareactView Here
Commercial LawKC GargCommercial LawView Here
Law of TortsRK BangiaLaw of TortsView Here
Practice QuestionsRajiv Ranjan SahayGuide for Bihar Judicial Services (Mains) ExaminationView Here
Practice questionsSamarth AgrawalA Compendium of Multiple-Choice Questions for Judicial Services Examinations Paperback

Bihar Judicial Services Exam 2021 Paper

Paper Name Links to Paper
2021 Bihar Judicial Service Mains (General English) View Here
2021 Bihar Judicial Service Mains (General Science) View Here
2021 Bihar Judicial Service Prelims (General Studies) View Here
2021 Bihar Judicial Service Prelims (Law Paper) View Here


The Bihar Judicial Services Examination is a competitive exam conducted by the Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) to select candidates for the position of Civil Judge (Junior Division) in the state’s judicial services.

  • Educational Qualification: A candidate should have a Bachelor’s degree in Law (LL.B) from a recognized university.
  • Age Limit: Generally, the candidate’s age should be between 22 and 35 years. Age relaxations may apply as per government norms.

You can apply online through the official BPSC website during the application period mentioned in the official notification.

The Preliminary Examination is usually objective in nature, consisting of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) from subjects like General Knowledge, Current Affairs, and Law.

Effective preparation involves understanding the syllabus, referring to relevant study materials, practicing previous year’s papers, and maintaining a consistent study schedule.

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