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DMRC Full Form: Introduction, History, Mission, Metro Network

The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) is a state-owned company that operates the Delhi Metro, a rapid transit system serving the National Capital Region of Delhi, India. DMRC was founded in 1995 with the aim of building and operating a world-class metro system in Delhi to alleviate the city’s traffic congestion and provide a more efficient and sustainable mode of public transportation.

Introduction to Wipro


The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) is a prominent state-owned company that operates the Delhi Metro, an expansive and efficient rapid transit system in the National Capital Region of Delhi, India. Founded in 1995, DMRC has played a pivotal role in transforming the city’s public transportation landscape.

Key points about DMRC:

  1. Inception and Establishment: DMRC was established on March 3, 1995, with the support of the Government of India and the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi. Its primary mission was to develop, operate, and manage a world-class metro system in Delhi.
  2. Scope and Impact: Over the years, DMRC has undertaken significant expansion and modernization efforts, resulting in an extensive and efficient metro network. The Delhi Metro has become a lifeline for millions of commuters, offering a safe, reliable, and environmentally friendly mode of transport.

Founding and History

1995DMRC was registered as a company under the Companies Act, 1956, on March 3, 1995.
1998The foundation stone for the construction of the Delhi Metro was laid on October 24, 1998.
2002The first section of the Delhi Metro, Line 1 (Red Line), from Shahdara to Tis Hazari, was opened on December 24, 2002.
2003The first phase of the metro, covering 65 kilometers, was completed with the opening of Line 2 (Yellow Line) from Vishwa Vidyalaya to Kashmere Gate on December 20, 2004.
2005The Airport Metro Express Line, connecting the city to Indira Gandhi International Airport, was inaugurated in February 2011.
2006The first stretch of Line 3 (Blue Line) from Barakhamba Road to Dwarka was opened on January 1, 2006.
2010Line 5 (Green Line) from Mundka to Inderlok was inaugurated in April 2010.
2011The Central Secretariat-Qutub Minar section of Line 2 (Yellow Line) was inaugurated in October 2010.
2013The first phase of Line 6 (Violet Line) from Central Secretariat to Badarpur was opened in October 2010.

Vision and Mission

Vision of DMRC:

“To provide a world-class, environmentally friendly and reliable integrated mass transit system that enhances the quality of life for the citizens of Delhi and ensures a sustainable urban environment.”

Mission of DMRC:

  1. Safety: To ensure the safety of passengers and employees through rigorous safety measures and practices.
  2. Efficiency: To operate and maintain the metro system efficiently, ensuring punctuality, reliability, and customer satisfaction.
  3. Environmental Responsibility: To minimize the environmental impact of operations through eco-friendly practices, energy conservation, and sustainable development.
  4. Innovation: To continuously innovate and adopt advanced technologies to improve the quality and reach of metro services.
  5. Employee Welfare: To create a work environment that fosters employee satisfaction, growth, and development.

Organizational Structure

1. Board of Directors:

  • At the top of the organizational hierarchy is the Board of Directors. The board typically includes top government officials, industry experts, and senior DMRC executives. It provides overall governance and strategic direction to the corporation.

2. Managing Director (MD):

3. Directors:

  • DMRC has several Directors who head specific departments and functions. The key directorates include:
  • Projects: Responsible for the planning, design, and execution of metro projects.
  • Operations: Manages the operational aspects of the metro system, including train services, stations, and customer service.
  • Finance: Handles financial matters, budgeting, and financial planning.
  • Human Resources: Manages HR-related functions, including recruitment, training, and employee welfare.
  • Electrical and Rolling Stock: Deals with the electrical and mechanical aspects of the metro system.

Metro Network

1. Lines and Routes:

  • The DMRC metro network consists of multiple lines, each designated by a specific color. These lines interconnect to provide comprehensive coverage of Delhi and its suburbs.

2. Total Length:

  • The Delhi Metro network had a total operational length of over 380 kilometers (236 miles) and over 270 stations. Please note that the network may have expanded since then.

3. Key Metro Lines:

  • Some of the major metro lines in the DMRC network include:
  • Blue Line: This is one of the longest lines, connecting Dwarka in the west to Noida City Centre in the east, with multiple stops along the way.
  • Yellow Line: It connects Samaypur Badli in the north to HUDA City Centre in the south, passing through the heart of Delhi.
  • Red Line: This line runs between Rithala in the west and Shaheed Sthal (New Bus Adda) in the east.
  • Green Line: It connects Inderlok in the northwest to Mundka in the west.
  • Violet Line: This line runs from Kashmere Gate in the north to Escorts Mujesar in the south.
  • Pink Line: It connects Majlis Park in the northwest to Shiv Vihar in the northeast.

Key Features and Technology

Key Feature/Technology Description
Extensive Network DMRC operates an extensive metro network with multiple lines, covering various parts of Delhi and its suburbs.
Energy-Efficient Trains The metro system uses energy-efficient rolling stock and regenerative braking technology to reduce energy consumption.
Modern Stations Metro stations are equipped with modern amenities, including escalators, elevators, and digital signage.
Automated Fare Collection DMRC uses an automated fare collection system, including smart cards and tokens, for convenient ticketing.
Advanced Signaling Systems Modern signaling and control systems ensure safe and efficient train operations.
Environmentally Friendly DMRC places a strong emphasis on environmental sustainability, with initiatives like rainwater harvesting and solar power utilization.


The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) is a statutory body of the Government of Delhi that is responsible for the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Delhi Metro. The Delhi Metro is a rapid transit system that has transformed the face of public transportation in Delhi. It has reduced traffic congestion, improved air quality, and provided a safe and reliable mode of transportation for millions of people.

The DMRC has been praised for its innovative design, efficient operations, and commitment to sustainability. The Delhi Metro is a model for other cities in India and around the world.


DMRC stands for Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. It is a statutory body of the Government of Delhi that is responsible for the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Delhi Metro.

The Delhi Metro currently has 30 operational lines, with a total length of over 390 kilometers. The lines are interconnected, forming a network that covers most of Delhi and the surrounding areas.

The Delhi Metro has 286 operational stations. The stations are well-connected to other modes of transportation, such as buses, taxis, and rickshaws.

You can travel on the Delhi Metro by purchasing a smart card or token. The smart card is a rechargeable card that can be used for multiple trips. The token is a single-use ticket that can be purchased at the station.

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