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NEET Syllabus: Exam Pattern, and Weightage 2023

NEET, which stands for National Eligibility cum Entrance Test, is an all-India level medical entrance examination. It is the primary exam for students seeking admission to undergraduate medical and dental programs in Indian universities. The exam is conducted annually by the National Testing Agency (NTA) and consists of three subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Additionally, NEET has replaced all other medical entrance exams in India and is now the only test recognized by the Indian government for admission to medical and dental colleges.

NEET Syllabus

The NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) syllabus is designed by the National Testing Agency (NTA) and it covers topics from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany and Zoology) of classes 11 and 12 of the CBSE curriculum. The detailed syllabus for NEET 2023 is not yet announced, but students can refer to the previous years’ syllabus for an idea of the topics covered in the exam.

The NEET syllabus for Physics includes topics like Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Electrodynamics, Optics, and Nuclear Physics. The syllabus for Chemistry includes Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry. The Biology syllabus covers topics like Diversity in Living World, Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants, Cell Structure and Function, Human Physiology, Plant Physiology, Reproduction, Genetics and Evolution, Biology and Human Welfare, Biotechnology and Its Applications, and Ecology and Environment.

It is important to note that the NEET syllabus is quite vast, and students need to have a thorough understanding of each topic to score well in the exam. Students are advised to follow the NCERT textbooks and reference books recommended by experts to prepare for NEET.

NEET exam

NEET Exam Pattern

The NEET exam pattern consists of a total of 180 multiple-choice questions, with 45 questions each from Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. The exam is conducted in offline mode, where students have to use an OMR sheet to mark their answers. Each question carries 4 marks, and there is a negative marking of 1 mark for every incorrect answer.

The duration of the exam is 3 hours, and it is conducted in multiple languages, including English, Hindi, and regional languages. The question paper is based on the syllabus prescribed by the Medical Council of India (MCI) and covers topics from Class 11 and 12 in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology.

It is important for students to be well-versed in the exam pattern and syllabus to prepare effectively for the NEET exam. Practicing mock tests and previous year question papers can help students get a better understanding of the exam pattern and gain confidence before the actual exam.

Important Topics and Weightage

NEET is a highly competitive exam, and it requires comprehensive preparation to score well. Aspiring candidates need to understand the NEET syllabus and the important topics with their weightage to excel in the exam. Here’s a detailed list of important topics and their weightage for NEET 2023:

  1. Physics: Topics like Mechanics, Electrostatics, Electrodynamics, and Thermodynamics are crucial, with a weightage of approximately 20-25% in the NEET exam. Other important topics include Optics, Modern Physics, and Waves.
  2. Chemistry: Organic Chemistry is the most important section with a weightage of 35-40%. Candidates must focus on topics like Biomolecules, Polymers, and Chemistry in Everyday Life. Physical Chemistry covers approximately 25-30% of the exam, and topics like Mole Concept, Equilibrium, and Thermochemistry are crucial. In Inorganic Chemistry, candidates must prepare topics like P-Block Elements, Coordination Compounds, and Periodic Table, which carry a weightage of around 30%.
  3. Biology: Biology carries a weightage of approximately 50% in the NEET exam. Important topics include Genetics and Evolution, Cell Biology, Human Physiology, and Reproduction. Candidates must also focus on Plant Physiology, Ecology, and Diversity in Living World.




 Modern Physics5-6%
 SHM and Waves3-4%
ChemistryOrganic Chemistry25-30%
 Inorganic Chemistry20-25%
 Physical Chemistry20-25%
 General Chemistry5-6%
 Environmental Chemistry3-4%
BiologyHuman Physiology20-25%
 Genetics and Evolution18-20%
 Plant Physiology6-7%
 Ecology and Environment12-13%
 Cell Biology and Molecular Biology10-12%

It’s important to note that the weightage of each topic may vary slightly from year to year, but the overall syllabus remains the same. Therefore, it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the important topics and focus on them during the preparation for NEET 2023.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

The eligibility criteria for NEET include the candidate’s age, nationality, educational qualification, and the number of attempts allowed. Candidates must have completed 17 years of age on or before December 31 of the year of admission and have passed 10+2 or an equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as compulsory subjects.

The NEET application fee for General/OBC candidates is Rs. 1500/- and for SC/ST/PwD/Transgender candidates, it is Rs. 800/-. Late fee charges of Rs. 500/- are applicable if a candidate misses the NEET application deadline and wants to apply during the extended application window.

The NEET exam is a 3-hour duration test consisting of 180 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology. Each correct answer is awarded 4 marks, and 1 mark is deducted for each incorrect answer.

The NEET cut-off is the minimum score required by a candidate to qualify for admission to medical and dental courses. The cut-off is determined based on various factors such as the number of candidates appearing for the exam, difficulty level of the exam, and availability of seats. The NEET cut-off varies from year to year and is different for each category.

The NEET counseling process is conducted by the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) on behalf of the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC). The counseling process involves registration, choice filling, seat allotment, and reporting to the allotted college. The counseling process is conducted in multiple rounds until all the seats are filled.

Yes, NEET is the only entrance exam for admission to medical and dental courses in India. However, some institutes may have their entrance exams for admission to certain courses.

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