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Top 10 career options for science graduates in INDIA

Are you a science graduate? Looking for a career? Well you landed on the right place, this guide will help you in selecting your career option from the top 10 best available options in India.

Science graduates in India are differentiated into two types: Simple graduates and professional graduates.

SImple Graduates include students holding B.sc. degree in (PCM), physics, chemistry, biology.etc. or any other stem fields.

Professional Graduates include students holding B.sc degrees such as Agriculture, Aviation, Biochemistry, Electronics, COmputer science. etc.

In this guide there is a list of top 10 career options for science graduates.

Research Fellow

The position of research fellow normally requires a doctorate degree but, Bsc graduates can also begin their career in research as a junior research fellow (JRF). It is one of the high paid jobs in the field of science and research, Simple Bsc. graduates can opt for this career in a specific major subject like chemistry, biology.etc. Salary in this career revolves around 35K-100K per month. Generally, students with strong core subjects opt for this field.


The basic thought of a student after graduating from science is to go for post-graduation in the same field. For M. Sc. There are several thousand institutes in the country, but IIT’s are always the most prominent institutes of INDIA. If you want to do M.Sc. from IIT you need to give the joint admission test popularly known as IIT JAM.  It has been conducted from 2004 to provide admissions to M.Sc. (Four Semesters), Joint M.Sc.-Ph.D., M.Sc.-Ph.D. Dual Degree, etc. Programs at the IITs and Integrated Ph.D. Degree Programmes at IISc for consolidating Science as a career option for bright students.


Fond of teaching well you can become a professor/lecturer in the science field just follow these steps. First, you need to choose a subject after graduation in which you are interested. Then you need to pursue M.Sc in that subject and acquire at least 55% marks. At last, you need to sit in NET examinations clearing which you will become an assistant professor and your teaching journey will begin. Avg. salary is around 40k-150k per month.

Health Care Sectors

Health care sector is a very vast sector with n number of career fields.  Science graduates can work in this sector and can also become entrepreneurs by starting their own business in this field. This field contains a variety of Job roles:

  • Laboratory Technician
  • Pathology
  • Nursing
  • Chemist
  • Pharma manufacturing
  • Medical equipment technicians
  • Nutritionists
  • Physiotherapists

All the above fields require a Bachelor’s degree in a specific scientific field. The salary in this area depends on the experience. The average salary is around 25k-50k per month. In addition to it a person can start his/her clinic to boost earnings. 

Food technology

Agriculture and food sectors of India have a large share in the economy. Food sector is also open for science graduates with various options to choose with;

  • Food processing
  • Food manufacturing
  • Quality control
  • Organic chemist
  • Food inspector

All these job roles require a science degree in food technology. The average salary in these fields fluctuates with experience 15k-30k for freshers, and 30k-90k for experienced per month. Few MNCs such as Cadbury, Nestle.etc.  pay higher packages upto 15LPA to these employees.

Forensic Sciences

This field is trending in recent years. Forensic science has now become a specialization field which consists of courses upto doctoral level. Science graduates with a degree in forensic science can opt to become medical investigators. Several different government jobs are also there for them such as investigator,Toxicologist, Forensic pathologists.etc. These fields are reserved for forensic science graduates hence it is an advantage for these students.

Avg. salary in this field depends on the degree level. A bachelor can become an assistant and can grab a salary upto 25k per month, whereas a postgraduate specialised degree in this field can lead to salary upto 50-70k per month.

Nautical Science

This is another emerging field which has become popular due to its high salary and totally different work experience. A B.Sc. Nautical science degree is basically meant to learn all the technical, geological and conceptual aspects of water transportation. Indian Navy has also started teaching this course. In this the students are employed on the ship and enjoy salary packages as high as 18LPA for experienced and 8-10 LPA for freshers. Private ship trade firms also hire such students. The different job roles include Marine superintendent, Nautical Deck Officer, Deck surveyor.etc.


This field is the most underrated field from the last decades, But now everyone in India is feeling the need for biotechnology. This is often referred to as the research and development field in medical, agricultural, chemical, food technology etc.  Biotechnology graduates find jobs in pharmaceutical, food manufacturing companies. The salary in this stream is based on experience even a 3 months experience vs a fresher creates huge difference due to complex job roles including all the lab and research work. Avg salary in this is 20k-60k depending on experience. The government in India is also taking steps to revive the sector by developing high-end labs and virology centers.

Computer science

Only B Tech degree holders are eligible for becoming software engineers, A person with B.Sc. Computer science degree can also opt to become one. Top tech giants such as google allow students from even non technical degree backgrounds to sit in placement coding rounds so that they can select the skillful and talented students. Apart from this, they are also eligible for job roles such as accountant, data entry, data handling, Customer support services.etc. Avg salary is 15k to 50k Per month.


Yes! You can get into the aviation sector also by bachelor degree in aerospace science or avionics. In this job roles include airport ground duty, Maintenance engineers, Pre flight check staff, Designing.etc. Avg salary is 25k-60k. Apart from this if one wants to opt for becoming a pilot he/she can go for CPL after a science graduation. Many air transport manufacturing companies also higher these graduates such as HAL in India with a decent salary package upto 25LPA.

Also Read: Copy link8 Reasons To Pursue an MBA Degree

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