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Why BSc biotechnology is best? 8 knowing tips

Biotechnology is one of the emerging career fields in India. Food Technology, Nutrition, Medicines, Healthcare, Forensic Sciences are some of the fields of Biotechnology. The scope of Biotechnology is wide and offers opportunities in the field of both research and engineering. India is soon to be a hotspot for the Biotech Industry. It is estimated that the Biotech sector in India is estimated to grow by 30.46 percent CAGR by 2025 and, India is among the top 12 biotech destinations in the world and ranks third in the Asia-Pacific region. Here is article on why BSc biotechnology is best? 8 knowing tips

Biotechnology is a research-oriented field in which a lot of areas are still to be explored.  Biotechnology is used for recycling waste material. Directly and indirectly, this branch of science contributes to environmental conservation and sustainable development. This article will provide you a piece of detailed information about BSc biotechnology, so that don’t need to waste your time hunting for gathering information about this field.

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Why it’s a best career?

BSc in biotechnology is a great career option. Biotechnology is a combination of two subjects- Biology and Technology. Broadly speaking, it brings together concepts of Biology and Engineering and aims at putting concepts of both these subjects together, in a bid to enrich our lives and make innovative developments. The major advantage of doing a B.Sc. course in this subject is that the course duration is short when compared to a B.E./B.Tech. program. B. Sc. course takes 3 years to complete. Whereas B.E./B.Tech. the program takes 4 years. Another advantage is the relatively low saturation level in this field. From facts and figures, it is quite evident that B.Sc.

What is BSc biotechnology?

BSc Biotechnology is a branch of science which deals with the application of biology in the technical world. B. Sc. in Biotechnology is a 3- year undergraduate course, involving an advanced study of the cellular and bimolecular processes for the development of a variety of technologies and products that contribute to improving people’s lives and health. The course is divided across 6 semesters. The course familiarizes candidates with the usage of living organisms and bioprocesses in the field of medicine, technology, engineering, and other bioproducts.

Overall syllabus of 3 years of BSc biotechnology is:

  • Molecular structure and analysis: Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid, chemical kinetics, enzymatic kinetics, genes, DNA, etc.
  • Biophysics and instrumentation: biophysical methods, identification of materials, separation of materials, microscopy, centrifugation, spectroscopy, X-Ray Crystallography.
  • Cell structure and dynamics: cell biology, cellular organs, the origin of life, different types of cells, the structure of cells, membrane structure, cell cycle.
  • Calculus: Integration, differentiation, limit, continuity, mean value theorem, trigonometric function.
  • Organic mechanisms: Biomolecules, lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism.
  • Transmission genetics: Basics of genetics, mendelian, chromosome theory, linkage and crossing over, an extension of Mendelism, Non-Mendelian inheritance, gene function, Allelic variation, chromosomal variation, chromosome mapping, pedigree analysis, genetic hypothesis.
  • Microbiology: Classification of microbes, sterilization, staining techniques, pathogenic microorganisms, virology.
  • Biomathematics: Algebra, geometry, and series.
  • Microbial genetics: Prokaryotic genomes, genetic exchange, gene regulation, bacteriophages, bacteriophage genetics.
  • Immunology: Immune response, immunoglobulin gene expression, histocompatibility complexes, immune techniques, vaccination, autoimmune diseases.
  • Tissue culture: tissue culture techniques, cell culture, vitro culture, tissue nutrition, tissue culture methodologies, cloning, organ culture.
  • Plant biotechnology: Plant tissue culture, plant genetic engineering, genetic modification in agriculture, genetically modified food.
  • Bioinformatics: Genomics, functional proteomics, computational genomics, sequence alignment, database search, structural databases.
  • Biodiversity and taxonomy: Global patterns of biodiversity, biodiversity, and conservation, exotic species, endangered species, basics of taxonomy.
  • Animal biotechnology: Gene transfer, transgenic animals, animal diseases, animal propagation, conservation biology, genetic modification.
  • Molecular biology techniques: DNA isolation, plasmid DNA isolation, gel electrophoresis, polymerase chain reaction, gel documentation, and photography.
  • Environmental Biotechnology: environmental problems, environmental management, environmental pollution, bioremediation.
  • Industrial biotechnology: commercial production of microorganisms, bioconversions, products from microorganisms, bioremediation, microbial growth, fermenter, enzyme technology, biological fuel generation,
  • Medical biotechnology: Gene therapy, vaccines, synthetic therapy, tissue culture, drug delivery.


  • A minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST candidates) at both Higher Secondary and Senior Secondary (classes X and XII) levels.
  • Biology, Physics & Chemistry as main subjects at 10+2 level, with a minimum aggregate score of 60% in these three.


Biotechnology opens a wide arena of opportunities in the fields of Medicine, Marine, Pharmaceutical, Industry, Agriculture, and Environment. They have the scope in areas of Agricultural, Chemical, Energy industries, Food Industries, and other such. Biotechnology is one of the emerging fields in this era

Branches of biotechnology

  • Animal Biotechnology
  • Medical Biotechnology
  • Industrial biotechnology
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Plant Biotechnology

Best colleges

There are different colleges offering this course across the country.

Job Profiles

Undergraduates in biotechnology have numerous opportunities in different job Profiles. Careers in biotechnology include positions in research and development. Many private businesses are exploring this field and heavily investing in it. The government sector too offers job opportunities, but not in the scale in which the private sector does.

Here are some of the fields which are currently in demand:

  • Biomedical Engineer.
  • Biochemist.
  • Medical Scientist.
  • Biological/Clinical Technician.
  • Microbiologist.
  • Process Development Scientist.
  • Biomanufacturing Specialists.
  • Business Development Manager


There are 526 jobs in the Biotechnology category. Average salaries can vary and range from $46,048 to $424,186.

Biotechnology is a promising field that can bring about appreciable changes in agriculture trends, food productions, and, healthcare. Biotechnology is an expanding field. New subfields continue to emerge as advances in science and technology open fresh areas of exploration and growth. An analytical mind is essential for a successful career in biotechnology. The candidate should be methodical and patient by nature.

From this article, you will find out how to make a career in Biotechnology after 12th and give you a chance to make the best career in this widely opened field. It is one of the most job fetching courses and also one of the highest-paying jobs. You can think of making a career in this field.

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