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Sarkari hospitals, also known as government hospitals, are public hospitals that provide healthcare services to the general public at a subsidized cost or for free. They are an important part of the Indian healthcare system, providing essential healthcare services to millions of people across the country.

The history of Sarkari hospitals in India can be traced back to the British colonial era. The British established a number of hospitals and dispensaries across the country to provide healthcare services to their employees and soldiers. After independence, the Indian government continued to invest in Sarkari hospitals and expanded their reach to rural areas.

Sarkari Hospital


Sarkari hospitals play an important role in the Indian healthcare system, providing essential healthcare services to millions of people across the country. However, they face a number of challenges, such as overcrowding, shortage of staff, and lack of resources.

Some of the major government hospitals in Orisha include:

SCB Medical College and Hospital, Cuttack:

Established in 1944, SCB Medical College and Hospital is the largest government hospital in Odisha. It is a premier tertiary care center with a 1000-bed capacity, catering to a vast patient population from across the state. The hospital boasts a team of highly qualified doctors, nurses, and paramedics, offering specialized treatment in various medical disciplines, including cardiology, neurology, nephrology, oncology, and pediatrics.

MKCG Medical College and Hospital, Berhampur:

MKCG Medical College and Hospital, established in 1962, is another prominent government hospital in Odisha, located in the southern city of Berhampur. With a bed capacity of 750, it serves as a referral center for patients from the southern districts of the state. The hospital is renowned for its expertise in handling complex medical cases and has made significant contributions to improving healthcare access in the region.

Veer Surendra Sai Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (VIMSAR), Burla:

VIMSAR, established in 1959, is a leading government medical college and hospital in Sambalpur, western Odisha. With a bed capacity of 737, it caters to the healthcare needs of the western districts of the state. The hospital is known for its advanced facilities and specialized treatment in various fields, including cardiology, neurology, and nephrology.

Capital Hospital, Bhubaneswar:

Capital Hospital, situated in the heart of Bhubaneswar, the state capital, is a prominent multi-specialty government hospital with a 750-bed capacity. It provides comprehensive healthcare services to the city’s population and surrounding areas. The hospital is well-equipped with modern diagnostic and treatment facilities and has a team of experienced medical professionals.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Postgraduate Institute of Paediatrics (SVPPGIP), Cuttack:

SVPPGIP, established in 1962, is a dedicated government pediatric hospital in Cuttack. It is a referral center for pediatric care in Odisha, providing specialized treatment for children with complex medical conditions. The hospital has a 300-bed capacity and is equipped with advanced pediatric care facilities.

Ispat General Hospital, Rourkela:

Ispat General Hospital, located in Rourkela, is a 500-bed multi-specialty government hospital that caters to the healthcare needs of the industrial town and its surrounding areas. It provides a wide range of medical services, including emergency care, trauma care, and specialized treatment in various disciplines.

Challenges of Sarkari Hospitals in Orisha


1. Shortage of Doctors and Nurses:

Bihar has a severe shortage of doctors and nurses. According to the National Health Profile 2021, Bihar has only 2.1 doctors per 10,000 population, which is much lower than the national average of 10.4 doctors per 10,000 population. The state also has a shortage of nurses, with only 5.5 nurses per 10,000 population, compared to the national average of 17.7 nurses per 10,000 population. This shortage of healthcare professionals is a major challenge for government hospitals in Bihar, as it makes it difficult for them to provide adequate care to patients.

2. Lack of Infrastructure:

Government hospitals in Bihar also suffer from a lack of infrastructure. Many hospitals are overcrowded and lack basic amenities such as beds, toilets, and clean drinking water. This lack of infrastructure makes it difficult for hospitals to provide a comfortable and hygienic environment for patients.

3. High Prevalence of Infectious Diseases:

Bihar has a high prevalence of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, and diarrhea. These diseases are a major burden on the state’s healthcare system, and they disproportionately affect the poor and marginalized. Government hospitals in Bihar are often the only source of care for people with infectious diseases, and they are often overwhelmed by the number of patients.

4. Corruption and Mismanagement:

Corruption and mismanagement are also major challenges for government hospitals in Bihar. There have been numerous reports of corruption in the procurement of medicines and equipment, and of doctors and nurses demanding bribes from patients. This corruption and mismanagement further undermine the quality of care provided by government hospitals.

5. Lack of Awareness and Access:

Many people in Bihar are not aware of the services that are available at government hospitals. This is due to a lack of awareness campaigns and a lack of access to information. As a result, many people do not seek treatment at government hospitals, even when they are eligible for free or subsidized care.

How to Improve Sarkari Hospitals in Orisha

1. Addressing Infrastructure Deficiencies:

  • Modernization and Expansion: A significant step towards improving Sarkari Hospitals in Bihar involves modernizing and expanding existing facilities. This includes upgrading outdated equipment, enhancing sanitation and hygiene standards, and expanding bed capacity to accommodate the growing patient influx.
  • Rural-Urban Parity: Ensuring equitable healthcare access necessitates bridging the gap between rural and urban healthcare infrastructure. Upgrading rural hospitals with modern diagnostic tools, telemedicine facilities, and adequate staffing can significantly improve healthcare accessibility for rural communities.
  • Specialized Care Units: Establishing specialized care units for critical areas such as cardiology, oncology, and pediatrics can provide focused treatment for complex medical conditions. This requires equipping these units with advanced medical technology and training healthcare professionals in specialized treatment protocols.

2. Strengthening Human Resources:

  • Recruitment and Retention: Addressing the shortage of medical professionals, particularly in rural areas, is crucial. This involves implementing attractive recruitment strategies, offering competitive remuneration packages, and providing opportunities for professional development and career growth.
  • Training and Skill Development: Regular training programs for doctors, nurses, and other healthcare staff are essential to enhance their skills and keep them abreast of the latest medical advancements. This can improve the quality of care provided and reduce the risk of medical errors.
  • Incentives and Motivation: Recognizing and rewarding the efforts of healthcare professionals can boost morale and encourage them to deliver quality care. This may include performance-based incentives, recognition programs, and opportunities for career advancement.

3. Enhancing Resource Allocation:

  • Funding and Budgetary Allocation: Adequate funding is crucial for improving infrastructure, procuring modern equipment, and hiring qualified personnel. The government should prioritize healthcare spending and ensure transparent and efficient utilization of allocated funds.
  • Public-Private Partnerships: Collaborating with private healthcare providers can bring in expertise, technology, and additional resources to supplement government efforts. This can help bridge the gap in healthcare delivery and improve the overall quality of care.
  • Community Engagement and Participation: Involving local communities in healthcare initiatives can foster a sense of ownership and responsibility. Community-based health education programs, awareness campaigns, and volunteer initiatives can promote preventive healthcare and reduce the burden on Sarkari Hospitals.

4. Technology Integration and Innovation:

  • Embracing Digital Healthcare: Integrating technology into Sarkari Hospitals can streamline processes, improve patient records management, and facilitate telemedicine consultations. This can enhance efficiency, reduce waiting times, and provide access to specialized care remotely.
  • Telemedicine and Remote Consultations: Telemedicine can connect patients in remote areas with specialists in urban centers, enabling timely diagnosis and treatment. This can reduce the need for travel and improve access to specialized care for those in underserved areas.
  • Mobile Health Solutions: Leveraging mobile technology for health education, appointment scheduling, and medication reminders can empower patients to manage their health proactively. This can reduce the burden on hospitals and promote preventive healthcare practices.

5. Ensuring Accountability and Transparency:

  • Performance Monitoring and Evaluation: Establishing robust monitoring and evaluation mechanisms can track the progress of improvement initiatives and identify areas for further intervention. This can ensure that resources are utilized effectively and that hospitals are held accountable for the quality of care provided.
  • Grievance Redressal Mechanisms: Effective grievance redressal mechanisms can address patient concerns and complaints promptly. This can improve patient satisfaction, build trust in the healthcare system, and encourage feedback for continuous improvement.
  • Community Oversight and Participation: Involving community representatives in hospital management committees can provide a platform for feedback and ensure that local needs are addressed. This can promote transparency and accountability in hospital operations.


Sarkari hospitals play an important role in the Indian healthcare system. However, they face a number of challenges, such as overcrowding, shortage of staff, and lack of resources. The government needs to take steps to address these challenges and improve the quality of care provided by Sarkari hospitals.

Frequenlty Asked Questions

Sarkari hospitals, also known as government hospitals, are public hospitals that provide healthcare services to the general public at a subsidized cost or for free. They are an important part of the Indian healthcare system, providing essential healthcare services to millions of people across the country.

There are many benefits to using Sarkari hospitals, including:

  • Affordability: Sarkari hospitals offer healthcare services at a subsidized cost or for free, making them affordable for everyone, including the poor and marginalized.
  • Accessibility: Sarkari hospitals are located all over the country, making them accessible to people in even the most remote areas.
  • Comprehensive care: Sarkari hospitals offer a wide range of healthcare services, from preventive care to treatment for complex diseases.
  • Free and subsidized medicines: Sarkari hospitals often provide free or subsidized medicines to patients, making it more affordable for them to get the treatment they need.

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