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All you need to know about Rheumatology after 12th

Rheumatology is a branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. Physicians who have undergone formal training in rheumatology are called rheumatologists. Rheumatology in India is still a budding specialty and is faced with the enormous challenge of providing treatment of the huge burden of rheumatic diseases in the population. Here is article on All you need to know about Rheumatology after 12th

Rheumatology is a rapidly growing medical specialty with advancements owing to new scientific methodologies for prior identification of diseases pertaining to rheumatology and immunology. Here is the detailed information about the Rheumatology after Class 12th:

2023 (8)

About course

Rheumatologists receive years of education and training beyond college. After they earn a medical degree (four years of medical school), they complete a residency program in internal medicine or pediatrics. They have another two to three years in specialized rheumatology training.
DM in Rheumatology is a 3-year full-time postgraduate course divided into 6 semesters. Rheumatology is a subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with:

• identification
of disorders relating to joints and adjourned tissues. The discipline is a specialty of medicine dedicated to disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Enrolled students are taught to treat such patients of all age groups.
Rheumatologists are exceptional physicians because the diseases we deal with are multisystem, demanding a broad knowledge of all subspecialties of internal medicine. The rheumatologist is often thought to be the most complete physician at an institution, the one to go to to help figure out the most difficult cases.

Rheumatologists must complete four years of medical or osteopathic education followed by three years of residency training in either internal medicine or pediatrics. Some rheumatologists are trained in both. After residency, they must enroll in a rheumatology fellowship for two-three years to learn about chronic musculoskeletal and autoimmune conditions and their treatment. Rheumatologists then take a board examination to become board certified in rheumatology. This certification/exam has to be retaken every ten years. Physicians are also required to participate in a certain amount of continuing medical education on a yearly basis. From this tip, you can make your career in Rheumatology after 12th.

Eligibility criteria

  • Post-graduation (MBBS or equivalent degree), completed from an institute recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI) or any of the State Medical Councils.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 55% (50% for SC/ST/OBC candidates) at the level of post-graduation.
  • 1- year compulsory rotating internship.
  • Preferably, a minimum of 12 months of professional experience, as most reputed institutes prefer candidates with work experience.

UG: Candidates must have passed 10+2 with at least 50% marks in aggregate with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as core subjects. Independent entrance tests for the UG program (MBBS) are conducted by various state, central, and private universities.
PG: Candidates must hold a degree in Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) along with MD (Medicine) to become eligible for the 3 year DM (Rheumatology) program.


1. Structure And Function Of Bone, Joints, And Connective Tissue

2. Biology of the Normal Joint and Articular Structures:

  • Hands
  • Wrists
  • Elbows
  • Shoulders
  • Neck
  • Low Back
  • Spines
  • Hip joint and Pelvic Girdle
  • Knees
  • Ankles-feet
  • Synovium, Cartilage, Bone, and Chondrocytes

3. Normal and Pathological synovial tissue and cartilage

4.Connective tissue

  • collagen – collagenases
  • proteoglycans – mediators derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • prostaglandins
  • thromboxanes
  • leukotrienes
  • mediators of acute and chronic inflammation
  • vascular endothelium
  • interleukins
  • free radicals
  • nitric oxide
  • apoptosis.

5. Formation and resorption of bone – bone as tissue and an organ.

6. Muscle: Anatomy – contractile proteins – ultrastructure of the muscle fiber – neuromuscular junction -physiology of motor unit- excitation-contraction.


  • There are opportunities for Rheumatologists in both governments as well as private hospitals.
  • They get to head the Rheumatology department and even become medical directors once they have the relevant experience.
  • Rheumatologists can also open their own clinic and start a private practice. Besides, they get to teach the subject in medical colleges across India.

Some of the avenues where employment can be found include:

  • Consultant Rheumatologist
  • Lecturer
  • Senior Lecturer
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Physician – Rheumatology

Colleges in India

It is the best job in all of medicine. The practice of rheumatology is a wonderful blend of internal medicine, musculoskeletal medicine, and clinical immunology. Rheumatologists earned an average annual salary of $234,000, which placed the field in the bottom third of the Medscape Physician Compensation Report. There are numerous award and scholarship opportunities available for you to explore rheumatology.
The Rheumatology Research Foundation offers a wide range of awards and scholarships for medical students, residents, and rheumatology health professionals. From this tip, you can make your career in Rheumatology after 12th.

In this article, detailed information about the course Rheumatology is provided. Form this you will find how to make a career in the concerned field after MBBS.

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