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CBSEAcademic nic In Class 10 : Syllabus

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Academic NIC Class 10 syllabus stands as a cornerstone for students embarking on their journey through secondary education. Designed to provide a structured and comprehensive framework for learning, the Class 10 syllabus covers a wide range of subjects essential for holistic development and academic growth. With a focus on fostering critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and conceptual understanding, the CBSEAcademic nic In Class 10 syllabus equips students with the knowledge and tools necessary to excel in their academic pursuits and beyond. Let’s delve deeper into the intricacies of the CBSEAcademic nic In Class 10 Class 10 syllabus to understand its significance and impact on students’ educational journey.

  • Introduction


The Central Board of Secondary Education CBSEAcademic nic In Class 10 syllabus serves as the bedrock upon which students build their academic journey. With a robust and meticulously crafted curriculum, it lays the foundation for comprehensive learning and holistic development. From core subjects like Mathematics, Science, and Social Science to languages and elective subjects, the syllabus encompasses diverse areas of study designed to nurture critical thinking, analytical skills, and problem-solving abilities.

A Holistic Approach to Learning:

 At the heart of the CBSEAcademic nic In Class 10 Class 10 syllabus lies a commitment to providing students with a well-rounded education. By offering a balanced mix of theoretical knowledge and practical applications, the syllabus aims to instill a deep understanding of key concepts across various subjects. Through engaging learning experiences, students are encouraged to explore, inquire, and discover, fostering a lifelong love for learning and intellectual curiosity.

Preparation for Future Success: 

As students progress through Class 10, the CBSEAcademic nic In Class 10 syllabus prepares them not only for board examinations but also for the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead. By emphasizing foundational skills, critical thinking, and effective communication, the syllabus equips students with the tools and competencies needed to navigate the complexities of the modern world. Beyond academics, it fosters values such as integrity, empathy, and resilience, shaping well-rounded individuals poised for success in both personal and professional spheres.


CBSE Class 10th Syllabus: Mathematics

CBSE Class 10 Mathematics syllabus presented in table format:

UnitTopics Covered
Real Numbers– Real Numbers: Rational and Irrational Numbers, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic
 – Euclid’s Division Lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, Proof of Irrationality
 – Decimal Representation of Rational Numbers, Operations on Real Numbers
Algebra– Polynomials: Zeros of a Polynomial, Factorization of Quadratic Polynomials
 – Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables: Graphical Method, Algebraic Method, Substitution Method
 – Quadratic Equations: Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Factoring, Completing the Square, Quadratic Formula
 – Arithmetic Progressions: Introduction, nth Term of an AP, Sum of First n Terms
Geometry– Triangles: Properties of Triangles, Congruence of Triangles, Similarity of Triangles
 – Circles: Tangent to a Circle, Number of Tangents from a Point on a Circle
 – Constructions: Division of a Line Segment, Construction of Tangents to a Circle
Trigonometry– Introduction to Trigonometry: Trigonometric Ratios, Trigonometric Identities
 – Heights and Distances: Solving Problems using Trigonometry
Coordinate Geometry– Introduction to Coordinate Geometry: Distance Formula, Section Formula
 – Linear Equations in Two Variables: Graphical Representation of Linear Equations
Mensuration– Areas Related to Circles: Areas of Sectors and Segments of a Circle, Length of an Arc
 – Surface Areas and Volumes: Surface Area and Volume of a Cuboid, Cylinder, Cone, Sphere
Statistics and Probability– Statistics: Mean, Median, Mode of Grouped Data, Cumulative Frequency Distribution
 – Probability: Basic Concepts of Probability, Probability of an Event

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus: Science


Reflection and Refraction of Light:

Understand the behavior of light, its reflection and refraction. Become familiar with concepts related to lenses and mirrors.


Covers electric current, circuits and effects of electric current. Learn more about  law and electric force. Magnetic Effects of 

Electric Current: 

Learn about the magnetic field, electromagnetic induction, and how electric generators and motors work.


Chemical Substances – Nature and Behavior: 

Immerse yourself in the world of chemical reactions, acids, bases and salts. To understand the properties and behavior of substances.

Metals and Non-Metals: 

Learn about the physical and chemical properties of metals and non-metals. Learn about the mining of metals and their series of reactions.

Carbon and Its Compounds: 

Understand the versatility of carbon, including organic compounds, hydrocarbons and their various applications.


Life Processes: Study important life processes including nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in living organisms.

Control and Coordination: 

Learn about the nervous system, endocrine function and the coordination of various organs to ensure that the body functions properly. 

How Do Organisms Reproduce?

Understand the different types of reproduction, including sexual and asexual reproduction. Learn about the reproductive organs and their functions.

CBSE Class 10 Science Syllabus aims to provide students with a fundamental understanding of the three main disciplines – Physics, Chemistry and Biology. It aims to develop scientific research skills, critical thinking and appreciation of the natural world. With the help of practical experiments and theoretical concepts, students receive information that creates a basis for a deep study of natural sciences. The interdisciplinary approach fosters an integrated understanding of scientific principles and prepares students for future academic and practical applications in science.

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus: Social Science

CBSE Class 10 Social Science syllabus presented in table format:
Unit Topics Covered
History – The Rise of Nationalism in Europe
– The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China and India
– The Making of a Global World
– The Age of Industrialization
– Print Culture and the Modern World
Geography – Resources and Development
– Forest and Wildlife Resources
– Water Resources
– Agriculture
– Minerals and Energy Resources
Political Science – Power Sharing
– Federalism
– Democracy and Diversity
– Gender, Religion, and Caste
– Political Parties
Economics – Development
– Sectors of the Indian Economy
– Money and Credit
– Globalization and the Indian Economy
Disaster Management – Introduction to Disaster Management
– Types of Disasters and Disaster Management Cycle
– Earthquake, Floods, Cyclone, Drought, Man-made Disasters and Disaster Case Studies

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus: English

CBSE Class 10 English Syllabus aims to improve students’ Proficiency in the English language, which includes various aspects such as literature, grammar and writing skills.



Study a variety of prose texts, including short stories and essays, to develop comprehension and analytical skills. Understand the themes, characters, and literary techniques used by various writers.


Study a selection of poems to appreciate poetic devices, rhyme scheme, and nuances of poetic expression. Interpret the meaning and emotions conveyed through various poetic forms.


Tenses and Verbs: Fully understand different tenses and verb forms, enabling effective communication in written and spoken English. Syntax and Sentence Structure: Learn the rules of syntax and sentence structure to improve the clarity and coherence of your written expression.

Writing Skills:

Formal and Informal Writing: Develop skills in both formal and informal writing styles. Practice letter, article, and essay writing with a focus on clarity, coherence, and organization. Creative Writing: Develop creativity through imagination and creative writing exercises. Explore narrative, descriptive and reflective writing to promote self-expression.

Reading Comprehension:

Understanding and Interpreting Texts: Improve your reading comprehension by analyzing a variety of texts, including fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. Develop the ability to extract meaning and infer information.

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus: Hindi

CBSE Class 10 Hindi Syllabus is designed to develop students and  Proficiency in Indian language covering various aspects like Linguistics, Literature and Creative Writing.

Hindi A (अ):

Study a selection of poems to understand the poetic devices, expressions and cultural context in which they were written. Analyze the themes and emotions of Indian poetry. Study prose texts, including short stories and essays, to develop comprehension skills and gain insight into the narrative techniques and styles used by different writers.

Hindi B (बी):

Improve your reading and comprehension skills by studying prose and poetry. Focus on understanding the nuances of language and the context in which texts are written. Study literary works and children’s literature to promote appreciation of Indian literature. To understand the cultural and social aspects of Indian literary texts.

(writing skill):

To develop translation skills and essays. Practice expressing ideas consistently and effectively in both formal and informal styles. Focus on language exercises to improve grammar, vocabulary and general language skills.

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus: Physical Education

CBSE Class 10 Physical Education syllabus presented in table format:
Unit Topics Covered
Unit 1: Planning in Sports – Meaning and Objectives of Planning
– Various Committees and its Responsibilities
– Tournaments and their Types
– Tournament Fixture: Knock-out, League or Combination
– Balanced Diet, Fluid Replacement, and Recovery Meals
– Sports Nutrition
Unit 2: Sports and Nutrition – Physical Fitness, Wellness, and Lifestyle
– Physical Fitness and Wellness
– Components of Physical Fitness
– Health Diet, Weight Management, and Therapeutic Diet
– Balanced Diet, Fluid Replacement, and Recovery Meals
Unit 3: Yoga – Concept and meaning of Yoga
– Yoga for concentration and peace of mind
– Asanas and their benefits
– Pranayama: Techniques and benefits
– Yoga for stress management and positive thinking
Unit 4: Children and Sports – Sports for Children: Importance and Benefits
– Children’s physical development and benefits
– Growth and development in children
– Gender Equality: Sports for All
Unit 5: Women and Sports – Women in Sports: Challenges and Opportunities
– Role of Sports in Empowerment of Women
– Gender Equality: Sports for All
– Leadership roles for women in sports
– Women athletes: Success stories
Unit 6: Test and Measurement – Importance and Methods of Test and Measurement
– Anthropometric measurements and their importance
– Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacity Testing
– Measurement of Flexibility and Strength
– Speed, Agility, and Power Testing
Unit 7: Physiology – Definition and Significance of Physiology
– Effect of Exercise on Cardiovascular System
– Effect of Exercise on Respiratory System
– Effect of Exercise on Muscular System
– Effect of Exercise on Digestive System


The CBSEAcademic nic In Class 10 syllabus provides a comprehensive framework designed to facilitate the intellectual, physical and emotional development of students. The aim of the course is to equip students with the knowledge, skills and values necessary for the academic journey and beyond.

Academic Rigor:

The syllabus ensures academic discipline by covering core subjects such as Mathematics, Science, Social Science and English/Hindi. These subjects not only provide a strong foundation for higher education, but also promote critical thinking and analytical skills.

Holistic Development:

The course focuses on holistic development, not just academic learning. Movement encourages an active lifestyle, while subjects such as art, music and information technology encourage creative expression and technical skills.

Cultural and Social Awareness:

Social subjects such as history, geography, civics and economics provide an overview of the cultural, historical and socio-political aspects of society. It helps students develop a broader understanding of the world around them.


Yes, certain subjects such as science and physical education have practical parts to complement theoretical knowledge. The purpose of the practical assessments in these subjects is to develop practical skills and a deeper understanding of concepts.

Effective preparation requires thorough understanding of the syllabus, regular revision, practice of sample papers and solving previous years. It is recommended to prepare a study plan and ask the teachers for clarification of doubts..

The choice of optional subjects may vary by school and region. Some schools offer elective courses such as a second language or additional vocational courses. Students should check the elective options offered at their school.

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus lays the foundation for higher education by providing a diverse academic curriculum. The knowledge and skills acquired in the 10th grade influence the student’s future study and professional choices.

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