About Forensic Science
The use of scientific expertise and methods for criminal investigations and legal issues is known as forensic science. To protect public health, comply with criminal laws and rules, forensic science is used everywhere in the world to settle civil disputes. As the forensic sciences are multidisciplinary, it covers several areas such as biology, chemistry, physics, psychology, geology, social science, etc. During the investigation, forensics experts are helping to gather, store, and examine physical evidence. This area of profession is typically for those with a deep interest in human anatomy and forensic studies.
How to become a forensic scientist after 12th
This area is usually studied in two sections. Firstly, graduation studies, and secondly, post-graduate program studies.
You must take any of the following bachelor degrees:
- Diploma in Forensic Science and Criminology
- Bachelor of Science in Forensic Science
- Diploma in Forensic Science and Law
For a Masters degree pick any of the following choices:
- MD Forensic Science
- Ph.D. in the area of your interest
- Masters of Science in Forensic Science & Criminology
Important Skills for the field of Forensic Science
For landing into a career in forensic science, one must possess these essential skills to make your career worthy and enjoyable:
- An informative mind and solid technical expertise
- High precision and professionalism in your work
- Good and eye-catching observations
- Can work overtime under pressure and strong team spirit
- Strong science information on subjects such as biology and chemistry
- Patience and deep experience in analytics
The Job Roles of Forensic Scientists
Throughout the world, there is no place where forensic scientists are not needed. Demand in this particular area is usually directly related to the rate of crime. Below are job roles you can choose from:
- Forensic Scientists
As members of the evidence teams, forensic scientists collaborate alongside policemen and detectives to locate major evidence of criminal activity.
- Forensic Anthropologists
Forensic anthropologists’ role is to recognize people in situations such as killings or disasters such as plane crashes, bombings, fires, etc. The forensic anthropologist also assists in understanding the dead person’s age, sex, ancestry, stature, and uniqueness.
- Forensic Chemists
Forensic chemists support traces and proofs of illegal substances that, in some situations, are used in situations such as blasts, residues, etc.
- Forensic Serology Experts
They help in assessing blood groups, samples of blood, as well as other body fluids and evaluate DNA tests for a suspect.
- Forensic Linguists
Forensic linguists examine the substance or observations of the recorded or the oral comments made by the police and prosecutors of all suspects, witnesses, etc.
- Clinical Forensic Medical Expert
Clinical forensic medical experts work on the investigation of the wound or victims to provide some findings on the scene of the crime.
Chemistry or biochemistry trained specialists to work with the Police Departments in the detection and diagnosis of pharmaceuticals, chemicals, toxins, poisons, etc in the body.
Scope in Forensic Science
There’s a bright future in this field. You can carry on your profession in government and the private sector as a forensic scientist. This research will develop your knowledge and skills. You could regulate your forensic practice and forensic services office after your relevant research has been completed. You may also be working in forensic labs, crime departments, banks, and other public and private organizations. Due to the increasing rates of crime in the country daily, there are different opportunities in this field. There are therefore endless jobs in this sector. In all places of India, or abroad, you can seek your career as a forensic scientist.
Firms that hire Forensic Scientists
Forensic scientists have a lot of career scope. Here it is listed few firms that can recruit forensic scientists:
- Central Bureau of Investigation
- Police Department
- Quality Control Bureau
- Law firms
- Central Govt. Forensic Sciences Labs
- Private Detective Agencies
- Army as well as Defense
- Intelligence Bureau
Salary of Forensic Scientists
The average income of Rs. 2 lakh to Rs. 3 lakh per year can be obtained for different positions in the forensic sector within the government. In the private sector, the salary begins with Rs. 3 lakhs to Rs. 4 lakh per year in the forensic science area. A skilled forensic scientist will earn approximately Rs. 6 lakhs to Rs. 8 lakhs per year.
Leading Colleges for Forensic Science
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
- St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai
- Institute of Forensic Science, Mumbai
- Department of Forensic Sciences, Agra
- Osmania University, Hyderabad
- Centre for Cyber Forensics and Information Security, Chennai
- Institute of Forensic Science & Criminology, Chandigarh
Forensic science involves the discovery, analysis, and assessment of physical evidence that applies to forensic research and prosecution. In criminal trials related to environmental negligence, industrial violations, and contamination of air and water, forensic science can also play its part. The discipline is focused on science such as biology, chemistry, and physics. It is one of the best and interesting jobs one can take.