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All you need to know about Schizophrenia

If you want to know about schizophrenia, you are in the right place. Woahhh! Such a scary word, isn’t it? My dear friend, psychological state issues are just not about depression and anxiety, there’s more thereto. Some conditions cannot be cured with self-help, one among them is Schizophrenia. But what’s it actually? Interested to know? Then let’s start.

What is Schizophrenia?

According to Psychologists, schizophrenia may be a serious mental disturbance during which people interpret reality abnormally. it’s going to cause hallucinations, delusions, and very disordered thinking and behaviour that impairs daily functioning, and maybe even disabling.

What are the symptoms of Schizophrenia?

Huh? You actually wanna know the symptoms? Well here we go –

Behavioural symptoms: This includes social isolation, disorganised behaviour, aggression, agitation, compulsive behaviour, excitability, hostility, repetitive movements, self-harm, or lack of restraint.

Cognitive symptoms: This includes thought disorder, delusion, amnesia, belief that a standard event has the special and private meaning, belief that thoughts aren’t one’s own, disorientation, confusion, slowness inactivity, or the fallacy of superiority

Mood swing related symptoms: This includes anger, anxiety, apathy, feeling detached from self, general discontent, loss of interest or pleasure in activities, elevated mood, or inappropriate emotional response.

Psychological problem-related symptoms: This includes hallucination, paranoia, hearing voices, depression, fear, persecutory delusion, or religious delusion.

Speech related symptoms: It includes circumstantial speech, incoherent speech, rapid and frenzied speaking, or speech defect.

Other issues include fatigue, impaired motor coordination, lack of emotional response, or amnesia.

3. What are the stages of Schizophrenia?

There are basically 3 stages of Schizophrenia:

i) Prodromal (or beginning),

ii) Acute (or active)

iii) Recovery (or residual)

These phases tend to occur so as and cycle throughout the course of the illness. people that develop schizophrenia may have one or many psychotic episodes during their lifetime.

What are the kinds of Schizophrenia?

There are basically 5 sorts of Schizophrenia:

i) Paranoic type schizophrenia – It is characterized by predominantly positive symptoms of schizophrenia, including delusions and hallucinations. These debilitating symptoms blur the road between what’s real and what isn’t, making it difficult for the person to steer a typical life.

ii) Catatonic type schizophrenia – It is marked by an enormous decrease in someone’s reactivity to their environment. this will involve stupor, mutism, negativism or motor rigidity, and even purposeless excitement.

iii) Hebephrenic or Disorganised Schizophrenia – It includes shallow and inappropriate emotional responses, foolish or bizarre behaviour, false beliefs (delusions), and false perceptions (hallucinations).

iv) Residual Schizophrenia – This involves a pattern of symptoms during which there’s the absence of prominent delusions, hallucinations, disorganised speech, and disorganised or catatonic behaviour. However there’s continuing evidence of disturbance, as indicated by the presence of negative symptoms

v) Undifferentiated Schizophrenia – It is a classification used when an individual exhibits behaviours which fit into two or more of the other kinds of schizophrenia, including symptoms like delusions, hallucinations, disorganised speech or behaviour, catatonic behaviour.

Treatment for an individual having Schizophrenia

Therapies may include – Support group, Rehabilitation, Cognitive therapy, Psychoeducation, group therapy, Behaviour therapy and group therapy Medications may include – Antipsychotic and Anti-Tremor.

Now you want to be thinking why I’m sharing of these pieces of information a few people affected by schizophrenia. This is often because I will be able to share a few ways about the way to treat someone having schizophrenia.

Here are a few ways –

Don’t say something which will stress them out

Stress triggers Schizophrenia. Researchers suspect that stress worsens the course of illness by increasing the body’s production of a substance called cortisol, which may damage an area of the brain called the hippocampus.

Attempt to be their network

Encourage them rather than asking them silly questions. they’re already handling plenty of insecurities so don’t add another thereto. Rather, plan to be their backbone and encourage them, especially to need their treatments seriously.

Don’t show negative emotions or expressions

Remember one thing, as I said, they’re already handling tons and sometimes even they will not affect their own problems so don’t show negative expressions like anger, irritation or any negative emotions like abandoning towards them.

Avoid certain types of eye contacts

Try to avoid direct or continuous eye contacts. Visual processing abnormalities in people having schizophrenia are commonly found, and contribute to the poor affair. There’s evidence that it affects perception of contrast and motion, control of eye movements, detection of visual contours, and recognition of faces or facial expressions.

Hope this text helps you to work out about what and what to not do to an individual affected by Schizophrenia. After reading this text you’ve got an overviewed idea about how they’re coping up with things. So please follow a few ways to treat them right. This was all about Schizophrenia (an overview) to form realise what sort of psychological state suffering it’s. Hope you discover it useful and if you are doing, please make some good use of it.

Also read:

4 things people get wrong about anxiety

Tension/Stress: The Peace Termite

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